I guess we all want things to be black and white.  Gray is just not where it is at.  We look at Jeff Volek as co-author with Adam Campbell of the TNT Diet and as co-author with Drs. Eric Westerman and Stephen Phinney of the New Atkins for a New You and compare his pronouncements with those he makes in The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Living – and – Performance which he co-authored with Dr. Stephen Phinney.  Then compare all of these with his various studies on Protein synthesis during exercise.

What you get is one major headache as you try to piece together the conflicting information.

But – there is no need to make a unified theory out of conflicting information.  Just look to the universe in which each exists: (a) the universe of those who follow the federal nutrition guidelines – or just – eat like the TV ads say we should; (b) the Low Carb universe where carbs are cycled in support of exercise or just in support of taking control of your health; and lastly the Very Low Carb – true ketogenic universe.   From one end of the spectrum to the other.  Extremes are still extremes.

There are things that bother me.  I am following Plan A and exercising.  This means that I should be having a Protein Shake pre and post workout.  If on Plan B – then we add some fast acting carbs into the protein shake and exercise like all get out.

Now I read Volek’s latest books and starting on page 93 of  The Art and Science of Low Carbohydrate Performance is a section entitled Factors Impacting Ketone Production.

Carbohydrates – no surprise there – except identifying the 30-50 gram area as the sweet spot.  I knew that from Carpenter’s little book.

Protein:  Eating too much protein is a problem because “a little over half of the amino acids in protein are converted to glucose in the body, producing an anti-ketogenic effect.”  How much is too much – check your blood ketone level daily.  Rule of Thumb -.6 to 1 gram per pound of Lean Body Mass.

Alanine: Exercise increases ketone production which will be “attenuated if carbohydrate is consumed after exercise,and completely blunted if high amounts of the amino acid alanine are ingested.  The anti-ketogenic nature of alanine ….”

I pulled out the container of ON Protein Powder and learned that it contains 1180 milligrams of Alanine.

Carbs will attenuate but Alanine will completely blunt ketone production.  WTF.

How much is a high amount?  Check your blood ketones and learn the truth since it is different for everyone.

Some one pass me the coconut oil.